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5 países de Oriente Medio que los estadounidenses consideran amistosos

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NEW YORK – A new Harris Poll that measures the attitudes of Americans to 13 countries in or near to the Middle East finds that only one, Israel, is widely seen as a close ally (43%).

NEW YORK – A new Harris Poll that measures the attitudes of Americans to 13 countries in or near to the Middle East finds that only one, Israel, is widely seen as a close ally (43%). Although most others are not seen as a close ally, Americans have very different attitudes to each of them. Many people see Egypt, Kuwait, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Jordan as friendly to the U.S. On the other hand, many people see Iran, Libya, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan as unfriendly or as enemies.

These are some of the results of The Harris Poll of 3,084 adults surveyed online between October 11 and 18, 2010 by Harris Interactive.

Key findings of this poll include:

More than two in five adults (43%) think of Israel as a close ally. Few people see any of the other twelve countries as close allies. Kuwait ranks second on the list with 13%;
Fully 69% of the public see Israel as either a close ally or a friend. Sizable numbers see five of the countries, Egypt (49%), Kuwait (45%), Turkey (44%), Saudi Arabia (39%), and Jordan (38%) as friendly;
At the other end of the list, a large majority (71%) think of Iran unfriendly and an enemy. No other country comes close, but sizable minorities feel this way about Afghanistan (45%), Iraq (42%), Libya (39%), Syria (34%) and Pakistan (32%);
There have been no large changes in American perceptions of these countries since the Harris Poll first asked these questions in 2006, and in comparable polls since then. However, fewer people now think of several of these countries as close allies or friends than in any of the earlier studies including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Jordan, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. But the decline in public perceptions of these countries is generally modest.

Entonces, ¿qué?

Several conclusions can be drawn from these findings. Public belief that Israel is a friend or ally, while down very slightly from the 2009 survey, remains very strong. Most of the other countries measured are predominately Islamic nations, although it appears American attitudes to Muslim countries are not monolithic or uniform—opinions of different countries vary greatly. However, the modest decline in positive attitudes toward five of the Muslim countries may suggest a slight increase in anti-Islamic feeling among some Americans.

TABLA 1

ATTITUDES OF U.S. ADULTS TOWARD THIRTEEN COUNTRIES

“Thinking of the governments of these countries – do you believe each government is a close ally of the United States, a friend but not a close ally, is not friendly but not an enemy, or is unfriendly and an enemy of the United States?”

Base: U.S. Adults

A close ally/

A friend but

not a close ally

(RED)
A close

aliado
Un amigo

pero no un

aliado cercano
No amigable
but not an
enemigo
Antipático

y

an enemy

Israel
%
69
43
26
23
8

Egipto
%
49
7
42
44
7

Kuwait
%
45
13
32
38
17

Turquía
%
44
9
35
46
10

Arabia Saudita
%
39
7
32
42
19

Jordania
%
38
6
32
50
12

Irak
%
23
4
19
36
42

Pakistán
%
21
2
18
47
32

Líbano
%
20
1
18
56
24

La invasión de Afganistán
%
18
2
15
37
45

Siria
%
14
1
13
52
34

Libia
%
14
1
13
47
39

Irán
%
6
1
5
23
71

Note: Percentages may not add up to exactly 100% due to rounding.

TABLA 2

COUNTRIES THAT ARE CLOSE ALLIES OR FRIENDS OF U.S. – TREND

“Thinking of the governments of these countries – do you believe each government is a close ally of the United States, a friend but not a close ally, is not friendly but not an enemy, or is unfriendly and an enemy of the United States?”

Summary of those saying “a close ally” or “a friend but not a close ally”

Base: U.S. Adults

Agosto

2006
Diciembre
2007
Noviembre
2009
Octubre
2010

%
%
%
%

Israel
75
67
74
69

Egipto
45
46
52
49

Kuwait
51
48
49
45

Turquía
45
47
50
44

Arabia Saudita
44
42
43
39

Jordania
43
42
45
38

Irak
18
19
23
23

Pakistán
n / a
26
27
21

Líbano
15
18
22
20

La invasión de Afganistán
23
23
21
18

Siria
8
14
15
14

Libia
12
15
14
14

Irán
4
4
9
6

n/a = Not asked